🇲🇽 Mexico City¶
It is the capital of Mexico and one of the largest cities in the world with more than 20 million inhabitants, it is located above sea level at more than 2000 meters. Mexico City has a beautiful historic center, with the Zócalo square being the meeting point for tourists and locals. This city is full of incredible museums, ruins of ancient civilizations, charming neighborhoods, huge green areas and squares animated by mariachis, which make it a vibrant place and a paradise for tourists who visit it.
We will guide you through this article through the most important sites that you cannot miss if you visit this great city.
The Zocalo or also called “Plaza de la Constitución” impresses with its size as well as the frenetic activity and social life. It is one of the largest squares in the world and has at least 5 centuries of history, being the point of celebration of any number of cultural activities, parties, concerts and other manifestations; It was declared a World Heritage Site and there you can find the Metropolitan Cathedral and the National Palace.
The Cathedral took almost 250 years to finish, inside you can find emblematic jewels such as the Crypt of the Archbishops, the altarpiece of the Kings, the Choir and the Royal Chapel.
Regarding the National Palace, you can marvel at the works of Diego Rivera, one of the most important muralists in the history of art.
Palace of Fine Arts¶
The Palace of Fine Arts is located in the Alameda Central Park, in this lyrical theater important opera stars such as Luciano Pavarotti, María Callas or Plácido Domingo have passed. The palace is a mix of Art Deco and Art Nouveau styles, featuring a huge bronze dome, a Carrara marble façade and precious sculptures that adorn its exterior. Inside you can see 17 murals made by seven national artists and in its Main Hall, an opalescent glass curtain.
For its part, the Alameda Central park also offers you a perfect place to walk among sculptures, trees and fountains, it is considered the oldest public garden in America and it is worth taking a walk to see it.
The Main Temple is the ruins of the center of religious and political life of the ancient Mexican civilization, it is located near the Zocalo in Tenochtitlan, which was the ancient Aztec capital, this temple was buried when the Spanish colonization of 1521 built on it a new town. However, different archaeologists throughout the 20th century gradually discovered parts of the ancient temple and today you can visit the ruins in which several buildings and the remains of a double pyramid stand out. On the other hand, the best pieces found in the great temple are in a museum located on the sides of the complex and one of the jewels that stands out is the great stone relief offered to the lunar goddess Coyolxauhqui, there are also other treasures such as the figures of Tlaloc or Mictlantecuhtli, the sphinx of the god of fire or the impressive monument of Tlaltecuhtli.
This is the bohemian neighborhood, located to the south of the city and is the benchmark of artistic and cultural life in Mexico City, for a long time it has been the residence of several renowned artists, established in large colonial houses. It has several markets, museums and bookstores. In this neighborhood you can visit the famous Casa Azul where Frida Kahlo lived with Diego Rivera until the day of her death, today it is a museum with a large collection of paintings and various personal objects of Frida Kahlo, they will help you to understand the history of this controversial artist.
Other interesting places to see in Coyoacán are the Municipal House, the San Juan Bautista parish, the León Trotsky House Museum, the Centennial Garden, the Plaza de la Conchita, the House of Hernán Cortés and the Mercado de Antojitos Mexicanos, are places that will show you one of the most charming areas in the city.
Francisco I. Madero Street¶
Francisco I. Madero Street is packed with restaurants, shops and street artists that blend with its great architectural heritage. Among the buildings that stand out is La Casa de los Azulejos, which is a colonial palace whose facade is covered by tiles and a beautiful interior. This street also concentrates other important buildings such as La Casa Borda, the Iturbide Palace, the Guardiola Building, the “La Mexicana” Building, the Templo de la Profesa and the Torre Latinoamericana, where you can enjoy one of the best views of Ciudad de Mexico when climbing to its 204 m height.
The forest of Chapultepec¶
This forest is the green lung of the city and in addition to offering pleasant walks either along its trails or on a boat in its artificial lake, you will also find a great cultural offer such as the National Museum of Anthropology. This museum is one of the most important in the entire continent and has the largest collection of pre-Hispanic art on the planet and among its most important objects is the tomb of Pakal, La Piedra del Sol, the Teotihuacan Sculptures, the Tlaloc Monolith, among many others.
Visit the pyramids of Teotihuacán¶
Teotihuacán is located less than 50 km from Mexico City and in ancient times it was one of the largest pre-Hispanic cities in America. You will be able to see one of the largest pyramids in the world, which is the Pyramid of the Sun, and then go through La Calzada de los Muertos and finally, visit the Pyramid of the Moon, where you will have spectacular panoramic views of the entire archaeological complex.
San Angel neighborhood¶
In this old colonial town the buildings are still preserved thanks to the money of many wealthy families who chose this space to rebuild their large mansions. Currently it is a place to stroll through beautiful squares and buy the best handcrafted souvenirs of Mexico City. The recommendation is to go on a Saturday when the markets are set up in Plaza del Carmen and Plaza San Jacinto where you can find paintings, antiques, ceramics and regional dolls, among many other things.
In this neighborhood there are also other interesting places such as the Plaza de los Arcángeles, the Plaza de los Licenciados or the Casa Estudio de Diego Rivera, you can also try the local cuisine such as fresh waters and delicious quesadillas in the restaurants of the area or the street stalls.
Basilica of Saint Mary of Guadalupe¶
This basilica is the most visited religious site dedicated to the Virgin in the world and this large complex made up of several buildings is of great historical value, the Capilla del Cerrito stands out, where you will see several frescoes that recall the appearance of the Virgin. You can also see the Tepeyac Cemetery, which is the oldest in Mexico, the old Convent of Las Capuchinas, both the old and the new Basilica de la Guadalupe and the Capilla del Pocito, to complete the wonders of this site.
Xochimilco means “land of flowers” and was declared a World Heritage Site, it is one of the most picturesque sites in the city. You can stroll through the different canals with a traditional boat adorned with flowers and painted in colors, where you can see parties with mariachis walking on the boats with an excellent atmosphere.
Mexico City offers you a wide range of history, culture, warm people and endless interesting places to visit.